The 1.4% increase in global carbon dioxide emissions in 2017 is even worrying, but unsurprising. Global economic growth is a clear culprit — the global economy grew by 3.7% in 2017. This growth has generated demand for additional energy, which means more burning of oil, natural gas and coal. Despite U.S. participation in the Paris Agreement, rapid global economic growth has increased the use of fossil fuels. The aim of the agreement is to reduce global warming described in Article 2, the two-week conference that culminated in the agreement was held in Paris in December 2015. Since August 2020, 195 UNFCCC members have signed the agreement and 189 have left. The Paris Agreement replaces the 2005 Kyoto Protocol. The legal structure of global cooperation, for which future agreements should offer greater specificity. Paris has done nothing like this.
“This year in Paris must be the year when the world finally reaches an agreement to protect the only planet we have as much as we can,” U.S. President Barack Obama said during his recent trip to Alaska. The EU`s chief negotiator, Miguel Caéete, warned against “no plan B – nothing to follow. It is not just the ongoing discussions at the United Nations. Paris is final. But the more seriously we take the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the more we must be angry about the plan for Paris. With so much political capital and so many legacies that are put on the conclusion of an “agreement” – each agreement – the negotiators have chosen an agreement worth less than… Now, certainly less than the cost of a two-week summit in a glamorous European capital. While the enhanced transparency framework is universal and the global inventory is carried out every five years, the framework must provide “integrated flexibility” to distinguish the capabilities of developed and developing countries.
In this context, the Paris Agreement contains provisions to improve the capacity-building framework.  The agreement recognizes the different circumstances of some countries and notes, in particular, that the technical review of experts for each country takes into account the specific capacity of that country to report.  The agreement also develops a capacity-building initiative for transparency to help developing countries put in place the necessary institutions and procedures to comply with the transparency framework.  Nearly two-thirds of the commitments made under the Paris climate agreement are “totally inadequate” to meet critical climate targets, as indicated by the report of scientists who participated in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).