Paris Peace Agreements

Paris Peace Talks: In 1967, when American troops reached 500,000 in Vietnam, the protest against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War intensified as more and more Americans questioned the ability of the American war effort to succeed or be morally defensible. They took their protests to the streets during peace marches, demonstrations and civil disobedience. Despite the polarization of the country, the balance of American public opinion began to fluctuate towards the “de-escalation” of war. The Paris Day of the Peace Agreement marks the agreements for the comprehensive political settlement of the Cambodian conflict signed in Paris on 23 October 1991 by Cambodia and Vietnam. The last major breakthrough was on October 8, 1972. Earlier, North Vietnam had been disappointed by the results of its Nguyen Hue offensive (known in the west as the Easter Offensive), which had led the United States to retaliate with Operation Linebacker, a major campaign of airstrikes that blunted the north`s engine in the south and caused damage to the north. They also feared increasing isolation if Nixon`s efforts to détente significantly improve U.S. relations with the major communist powers, the Soviet Union and the People`s Republic of China, which supported North Vietnamese military efforts.

In a meeting with Mr. Kissinger, he significantly changed his negotiating line, allowing the Saigon government to remain in power and find a definitive solution to the negotiations between the two South Vietnamese parties. Within 10 days, the secret discussions prepared a final draft. Kissinger held a press conference in Washington, where he said that “peace is at hand.” With calm, the still severe conditions of prisoners of war have finally been relaxed. The men received letters from families that had been held for months and years, as well as provisions and other gifts from their homes, including MAD magazine. The prisoners received fresh provisions of bread and vegetables, canned meat and fish, no doubt attempts by the North Vietnamese to make men more beautiful. In February 1970, National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger began secret talks with North Vietnamese negotiator Le Duc Tho outside Paris, while the formal peace process continued in the city. However, until the summer of 1972, little progress was made. At that time, Nixon continued a détente with both China and the Soviet Union and wanted to leave Vietnam behind before the next elections. Both sides wanted peace. Hanoi feared political isolation if the United States moved closer to China and the Soviet Union.

They also knew that peace could put an end to the terrible American bombing and finally mean the total withdrawal of the military giant. Nixon wanted to move on to other foreign policy initiatives. … Deputy Chief Delegate to the Paris Peace Talks on Vietnam. Vance served under Averell Harriman and worked himself on numerous negotiations. In 1969, he returned to private law practice. A tentative ceasefire agreement was reached in October 1972. The agreement called for the simultaneous withdrawal of American troops and the freedom of American prisoners of war, followed by a political solution for the future of South Vietnam. Washington would expand economic aid after the war to help Vietnam rebuild its destroyed infrastructure. On October 22, Nixon suspended all bombing north of the 20th Parallel, and four days later Kissinger announced that “peace is within reach.” In this sense, the main political objective of the agreement was to remove Cambodia from the international agenda and allow it to recover from a generation of upheaval and conflict under an internationally recognized government.